If you are looking to tour the rich, historical city of Kolkata complete with an enlightening experience, Calcutta Police Museum is the place to pay a visit. The museum is a testimony to the establishment and development of Kolkata Police. It is sure to leave you spellbound with a sense of pride and awe at the bravery of so many selfless civil servants, since time immemorial.
History of Police Museum Kolkata
The plot on which the museum has been built was formerly the residence of the revolutionary Raja Ram Mohan Roy who was the founder of the Brahma Samaj and the harbinger for the abolishment of Sati Pratha from India.
At this house, Raja Ram Mohan Roy entertained his European friends and hosted meetings with his associates. In 1830, when he was migrating to England, he auctioned this plot through Tulloh and Company.
In 1874, this house was taken up on rent by the Government making it the Sukea Street Thana which was later bought by them after about forty-four years. A decade later, the thana was shifted to Amherst Street. In 1996, the museum was finally established.
Architecture and Things to see at Police Museum Kolkata
The museum occupies an area of about two thousand acres in one of Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s personal mansions which had wooden staircases and Corinthian pillars. The plot is beautifully surrounded by meticulously maintained gardens, voluptuous trees sprinkled with the sound of various birds chirping around. The Deputy Commissioner of Police, North resides in one of the mansions on the plot.
Originally, the museum had three galleries which have been upgraded to eight. It houses memorabilia of Kolkata Police right from its inception in the city. The museum has been divided into different sections for a panoramic view of their history:
- The inception of Kolkata Policing in the 17th century.
- Arms and ammunition over the years
- Homicide Squad
- Lalbazaar Headquarters
- Detective Department
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s files
- Traffic guard
This a broad overview of the several sections of the museum you can explore for interesting insights into the lives of Kolkata Police.
Image Gallery of Police Museum Kolkata
Interesting Artefacts at Police Museum Kolkata
The artefacts found on display and exhibited at the Calcutta Police Museum will definitely leave you with goosebumps. There are age-old guns, bombs, bullets, arms and ammunition preserved in their original condition that take you back in time. Some of the artefacts found at the museum are:
1. Book of Law: It is stored in the same enclosure with bombs and is a book bomb made by the revolutionary Hemchandra Das designed to kill D. H Kingsford who was the Chief Presidency Magistrate of the city.
2. Disguise of terrorists from the American Centre attack of 2002: A cricket bat bag where the AK-47 was stored, some of their clothes have been preserved.
3. Letter by Dinesh Gupta: Dinesh Gupta, the only captured of the nationalistic trio of Binay-Badal-Dinesh, wrote a letter to his mother and sister while in jail, moments prior to his hanging.
4. Netaji’s Files: A gem of a discovery, eighty-four declassified files of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose have been put on display on the second floor of the museum.
5. Bomb from World War II: Japan dropped a bomb on Kolkata during the Second World War which failed to diffuse and destroy the city. It has been preserved in the museum.
6. Antique Artworks: Statues stolen and attempts of smuggling were stopped by the Detective Department that is kept at the museum on display.
7. Revolvers, Pistols, Guns: Enclosure depicting the transition of guns, pistols and revolvers over the years aids in educating visitors.
8. Three-Wheeler Motorcycle: Kolkata Police before Independence used three-wheeler motorcycles.
9. Bullet-Belt: On display is a belt on which bullets were fixed and worn around the waist.
10. Pen Revolver: A revolver shaped like a pen, made in Pakistan.
There are several more artefacts on display at the museum making it worth a visit.
Entry Fee and Timings of Police Museum Kolkata
The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 11:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Entry to the museum is absolutely free, however, no pictures are allowed to be clicked.
Location and How to Reach Police Museum Kolkata
The museum is located at Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, near the Manicktala crossing. There are several ways to get to the museum:
Bus: Several local buses going towards Manicktala will take you to the museum. Remember to get off at Manicktala crossing. It is a five-minute walk from there.
Metro: The nearest metro station is MG Road. Take a bus or auto to Manicktala crossing.
Cab: All cabs in the city will take you to the Calcutta Police Museum. You can also book a private cab from top car rental companies in Kolkata for your Kolkata tour and visit all the popular sightseeing places of Kolkata comfortably.
There is an Outdoor Interpretation Centre at the museum for children and a gift shop where you can buy souvenirs. The centre teaches children the role of the police in society. A visit to the Calcutta Police Museum is truly enriching.
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